2020 Advisory Committee Charter
As required by the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), a charter must be prepared and filed with Congress before a Federal advisory committee can meet or take any action. The charter provides the advisory committee’s mission or charge, specific duties, and general operational characteristics. More information about Federal advisory committee charters and other information related to the FACA is available through the U.S. General Services Administration (GSA).
Chartering the 2020 Advisory Committee
The responsibility for chartering a Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee every five years rotates between the Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). USDA is responsible for chartering the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee and will serve as the administrative lead for the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines. Recent Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committees have had co-executive secretaries from both USDA and HHS. There have been legally required changes in the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee charter in response to an issue raised by the GSA Committee Management Secretariat, the Federal entity that is responsible for all matters relating to Federal advisory committees (5 U.S.C. App. 2 § 7(a)). Section 708, of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018, a government-wide provision, prohibits the interagency financing of advisory committees. Additionally, the FACA requires that only one agency may be responsible for support services at any one time, even if the advisory committee reports to more than one agency (5 U.S.C. § App. 2 § 12(b)). For these reasons, the co-executive secretaries for the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee are from USDA. Per the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act, USDA and HHS will continue to work together on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Designation of Advisory Committee Members
Like previous Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committees, members of the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee are appointed as Special Government Employees (SGE) and are subject to Federal ethics laws. Information related to the ethical rules and requirements of SGE is available through the USDA Office of Ethics. Each member submitted a financial disclosure report prior to appointment and will continue to do so annually thereafter. Also, each member received ethics training upon entry to duty and on an annual basis throughout their tenure on the Committee.
New Additions to the Charter
New to the charter for the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee is reference to the Agricultural Act of 2014, which mandates the addition of dietary guidance for women who are pregnant and infants and toddlers from birth to 24 months of age beginning with the 2020-2025 edition of the Dietary Guidelines. Additionally, the charter notes the new step the Departments took to identify the topics and scientific questions to be examined in the review of evidence by the Committee.
Questions about the charter? See our Most Popular Questions.