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Work Under Way

Question

What is the relationship between specific nutrients from supplements and/or fortified foods consumed during infancy and toddlerhood and growth, size, and body composition? 

Approach to Answering the Question
NESR Systematic Review

Subcommittee
Birth to 24 Months Subcommittee

Systematic Review Protocol
Developed for each scientific question being examined, the protocol describes the plan for how the systematic review was conducted. The protocol provides the: 

  • Analytic framework, 
  • Literature search and screening plan, and 
  • Literature search and screening results. 

See the full protocol for the question, what is the relationship between specific nutrients from supplements and/or fortified foods consumed during infancy and toddlerhood and growth, size, and body composition? 

View Full Protocol

Draft Conclusion Statement

The draft conclusion statements listed below describe the state of the science related to the specific question examined. Draft conclusions are not considered final until they have been deliberated with and decided upon by the full Committee and published in the Committee’s final advisory report. Individual conclusion statements should not be interpreted as dietary guidance or the Committee’s overarching advice to the Departments. 

Iron

Moderate evidence indicates that human milk-fed infants who are supplemented with iron do not have greater growth, and may have slower growth, than human milk-fed infants not supplemented with iron. Grade: Moderate

Insufficient evidence is available to determine the relationship between iron from supplements consumed during infancy and body composition during infancy. Grade: Grade Not Assignable

Insufficient evidence is available to determine the relationship between iron from supplements consumed during infancy and growth, size, and body composition beyond 12 months of age. Grade: Grade Not Assignable

Insufficient evidence is available to determine the relationship between iron from supplements consumed after 12 months of age and growth, size, and body composition. Grade: Grade Not Assignable