What is the relationship between the duration of exclusive human milk and/or infant formula consumption and developmental milestones, including neurocognitive development?
Approach to Answering the Question
NESR Systematic Review
Birth to 24 Months Subcommittee
Systematic Review Protocol
Developed for each scientific question being examined, the protocol describes the plan for how the systematic review will be conducted. The protocol provides the:
- Analytic framework,
- Literature search and screening plan, and
- Literature search and screening results.
For this question, human milk is defined as the mother’s own milk provided at the breast (i.e., nursing) or expressed and fed fresh or after refrigeration/freezing; donor milk is not examined in this review. Infant formula is defined as commercially prepared infant formula meeting the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and/or Codex Alimentarius international food standards. In addition, the outcomes include developmental domains, academic performance, attention deficit disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, depression, and autism spectrum disorder.
For additional details, see the full protocol for the question, what is the relationship between the duration of exclusive human milk and/or infant formula consumption and developmental milestones, including neurocognitive development? This protocol is up-to-date as of: 10/22/2019.
This page will be updated with the draft conclusion once it has been developed. Draft conclusions are not considered final until they have been deliberated with and decided upon by the full Committee and published in the Committee’s report.