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Work Under Way

Question

What is the relationship between beverage consumption and growth, size, body composition, and risk of overweight and obesity?

Approach to Answering the Question
NESR Systematic Review

Subcommittee
Beverages and Added Sugars Subcommittee

Systematic Review Protocol
Developed for each scientific question being examined, the protocol describes the plan for how the systematic review was conducted. The protocol provides the: 

  • Analytic framework, 
  • Literature search and screening plan, and 
  • Literature search and screening results. 

See the full protocol for the question, what is the relationship between beverage consumption and growth, size, body composition, and risk of overweight and obesity? 

View Full Protocol

Draft Conclusion Statement

The draft conclusion statements listed below describe the state of the science related to the specific question examined. Draft conclusions are not considered final until they have been deliberated with and decided upon by the full Committee and published in the Committee’s final advisory report. Individual conclusion statements should not be interpreted as dietary guidance or the Committee’s overarching advice to the Departments.

Milk

Limited evidence suggests that milk intake is not associated with adiposity in children. Grade: Limited

Limited evidence suggests that higher milk intake is associated with a greater increase in height compared to lower intake in children. Grade: Limited

Insufficient evidence is available to draw a conclusion about the relationship between the type of milk (i.e., milk fat content, flavor) and adiposity in children. Grade: Grade Not Assignable

Limited evidence suggests that milk intake is not associated with adiposity in adults. Grade: Limited

Juice

Limited evidence suggests 100% juice intake in children is not associated with adiposity or height in children. Grade: Limited

Limited evidence suggests 100% juice consumption is not associated with measures of adiposity in adults. Grade: Limited

Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

Moderate evidence indicates that higher sugar-sweetened beverage intake is associated with greater adiposity in children. Grade: Moderate

Limited evidence suggests that higher sugar-sweetened beverage intake is associated with greater adiposity in adults. Grade: Limited

Sugar-Sweetened Beverages vs. Low- and No-Calorie Sweetened Beverages

Insufficient evidence is available to determine the relationship between sugar-sweetened beverages compared with low- and no- calorie sweetened beverages on adiposity in children. Grade: Grade Not Assignable

Limited evidence suggests no association between sugar-sweetened beverages compared with low- and no- calorie sweetened beverages on adiposity in adults. Grade: Limited 

Low- and No-Calorie Sweetened Beverages

Limited evidence suggests no association between low- and no- calorie sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity in children. Grade: Limited

Limited evidence suggests that low- and no- calorie sweetened beverage consumption is associated with reduced adiposity in adults. Grade: Limited