What is the relationship between alcohol consumption and achieving nutrient and food group recommendations?
Approach to Answering the Question
Data Analysis and Food Pattern Modeling Cross-Cutting Working Group
Data Analysis Protocol
Developed for each scientific question being examined, the protocol describes the plan for how the data analysis will be conducted. The protocol provides the:
- Analytic framework,
- Analytic plan, and
- Analysis results.
Alcoholic beverage category contributions to food groups and nutrients will be examined in the following ways:
- Average contribution of energy, caffeine, and added sugars per alcoholic drink equivalent of beer, wine, and liquor and cocktails.
- Prevalence of alcohol use, binge drinking and heavy alcohol use
- Alcoholic beverage contribution as a percent of total daily energy, added sugars, and caffeine
- Percent of daily beverage calories by alcoholic beverage type
Draft Conclusion Statement
The draft conclusion statements listed below describe the state of the science related to the specific question examined. Draft conclusions are not considered final until they have been deliberated with and decided upon by the full Committee and published in the Committee’s final advisory report. Individual conclusion statements should not be interpreted as dietary guidance or the Committee’s overarching advice to the Departments.
Alcoholic beverage consumption has increased in the U.S. since 2000, and most states exceed Healthy People 2020 objectives for per capita alcohol consumption. Approximately 60 percent of persons report alcoholic beverage consumption in the past month, and of those, approximately 40 percent binge drink, often multiple times per month. During days when men or women consume alcohol, their consumption typically exceeds current Dietary Guidelines recommended limits of less than or equal to 1 drink per day for women and 2 for men. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy remains a persistent public health problem. Beyond contributing to energy intakes, alcoholic beverages contribute little towards average intakes of food groups or nutrients.